Travelling Abroad

When travelling abroad there are a number of things to remember and one of the most important is what travel vaccinations you’ll need. There are so many different vaccinations out there that it can be hard to know which are the right ones you’ll need. Visiting your local travel clinic will provide you with all the necessary advice, information and vaccinations you’ll need for the country you’re travelling to. Below are some of the most common vaccinations needed to travel abroad and what they help to prevent.

Vaccinations You Might Need When Travelling Abroad

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Tetanus is a toxin that is distributed via spores. If you’re injured the disease can be contracted through the spores then entering your body. Tetanus has an incubation period of 3-21 days. During this time, your muscles will start to become more rigid. Your mouth, spine and abdominal muscles will not be able to function in the way they are meant to. Tetanus can eventually prove to be fatal.

Polio is usually contracted through contaminated food and water. The incubation period for Polio is 7-14 days and in 90% of cases it will no actual symptoms. Its estimated that around 8% of cases will experience mild flu-like symptoms. The other 2% will experience paralysis, bladder dysfunction, impaired swallowing, breathing and speech difficulties. This can lead to be fatal.

Diphtheria is a respiratory type of illness that can be contracted from water vapour that is in the air. The incubation period is around 2.5 days and can cause death in the most serious cases of the illness.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is spread through contaminated food and water and it mainly comes through shellfish. It can also be contracted on a person to person basis. The people most at risk of contracting Hepatitis A are people who come from countries that have good hygiene.

The incubation period is usually between 3-6 weeks and over 90% of people infected with Hep A display no actual symptoms. Symptoms that people can experience include fever, upset stomach, rash, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. More severe symptoms include jaundice and itching.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is spread from person to person via bodily fluid. This is usually via blood to blood contact, infected medical equipment and sexual transmission. The symptoms of Hepatitis B include fever, joint pain, rash and jaundice. Untreated hep b can lead to permanent liver damage and cancer.

Japanese B Encephalitis

Japanese B Encephalitis is contracted through a mosquito bite. The mosquitos that carry this infection are usually found on rice paddles, pigs and birds. Although it typically displays no actual symptoms it is possible for some people to experience symptoms such as fever, encephalitis, meningitis and paralysis. It usually has a slow recovery time and long term debility is usually quite common. There is a mortality rate of 30% in children.

As a London travel clinic, we are able to offer travel vaccinations for a number of different countries. We cover a number of destinations including places such as South Africa, Thailand and many more. Book your initial travel consultation with Broadgate GP and we’ll provide you with advice on what vaccines you need and when they need to be administered.

Before travelling abroad to any country it’s important to seek the appropriate travel advice from a doctor, to ensure your health is taken care of whilst you’re away. At Broadgate GP Travel Clinic, our doctors will ask about the country you’re travelling to, ensuring you have all the necessary medications and advice regarding health risks before you travel.

Tick Borne Encephalitis

Tick borne encephalitis is transferred to humans via the bite of a tick that has been infected with encephalitis. It’s also possible for the infection to be passed via the milk of animals that have been infected by a tick.

Once infected, flu like symptoms will develop within 7-14 days. The symptoms people typically experience include fever, headache, nausea and photophobia. These symptoms can lead to further problems such as neck stiffness, convulsions and an altered mental state. Once infected if left untreated tick borne encephalitis can lead to meningitis and muscular paralysis.


Typhoid is usually transmitted via food or drink that has been contaminated. The symptoms of typhoid include headaches, confusion, fever, constipation, abdominal pain and rashes. When left untreated Typhoid can prove to be fatal.


Yellow fever is typically spread via mosquitos that have been infected. The main symptoms of yellow fever include fever, jaundice, haemorrhage and renal fever. It’s important to ensure that you’re vaccinated against this infection at a registered yellow fever centre.

What Vaccines Will I Need For Where I Am Going?

• Diphtheria – Mostly found in sub-Africa, parts of South East Asia and South America.
• Tetanus – Present worldwide.
• Polio – Typically found in developing countries in Asia and Africa.
• Hepatitis A – Predominately present in countries with poor sanitation or public hygiene.
• Hepatitis B – Found in South East Asia, the Middle East and the South and Western Pacific parts of the Caribbean.
• Japanese B Encephalitis – This shows higher rats of contraction after the rainy season in China, Regions of Nepal, Northern Burma, Eastern and Southern states of India, Northern Sri Lanka and Thailand. Outbreaks are also found in other countries in similar regions that display the same weather patterns.
• Tick Borne Encephalitis – Found in Russia, Austria, Hungary, Balkans, Slovakia and Scandinavia. It is also found in parts of China.
• Typhoid – This is present worldwide. However, it’s worse in countries with contaminated food, water and sewage such as Africa and South America.
• Yellow Fever – Most commonly present in tropical Africa and South America. You might be required to show a Yellow Fever Certificate to enter certain countries or if it’s an area with a high infection rate.

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How Long Do Travel Vaccinations Last?

  • Dipheria/Tetanus/Polio – 10 Years
  • Hepatitis A – Long Term
  • Hepatitis B – 10 Years
  • Japanese B Encephalitis – 1 Year
  • Tick Borne Encephalitis – 1-3 Years
  • Typhoid – 3 Years
  • Yellow Fever – 10 Years

When travelling to a foreign country it’s important to make sure that you’re fully protected against a range of infections that you might be at risk of contracting. Visiting a travel clinic will help to ensure that your fully protected against everything that you need to be protected against.