The types of vaccines available in the UK
There are two vaccines available here in the UK. One is an oral vaccine, and the other is delivered by injection.
The oral vaccine consists of 3 tablets which are taken one every other day. They should be taken approximately 1 hour before a mealtime, and consumed with a little cool water. This oral form of the vaccine should be taken so the third tablet is consumed 1 week before the date you are due to travel. If you are under any other form of medication you should check with your doctor or one of the clinicians at Broadgate Clinic London Wall if you will be using our walk-in services. Certain antibiotics can render the vaccine ineffective as can medications for Malaria.
If you opt for the injected vaccine, you must ensure that it is administered at least 2 weeks before the date you are due to travel; ideally 4 weeks before if time permits. You will only require the one injection.
Vaccine protection periods – when to get a booster
The injected vaccine is good for 3 years worth of protection. The oral form is good for only 1 year. If you travel to a typhoid fever risk destination outside of these periods, you should arrange a booster vaccine. You should also be aware that the vaccines (both oral and injected) do NOT guarantee complete protection. They are 75% effective. Therefore if you are going to be travelling to a risk area, there are certain other precautions that you are recommended to observe.
- Make sure that your own personal hygiene standards are at their highest
- Only drink water that you are 100% certain is safe; typically, bottled water or sterilised water
- Only eat foods that you are certain have been hygienically prepared
The symptoms of Typhoid Fever
If you are unfortunate enough to contract Typhoid fever you will need immediate treatment. The symptoms to watch out for include:
- Running a fever (between 39°- 40° or 103°F – 104°F)
- Stomach pains
If diagnosed for early treatment, a simple course of antibiotics over 7 to 14 days will be affective. If diagnosed at a later stage you may need to be hospitalised in order to enable antibiotic injections to be given. The longer the disease is allowed to go untreated, the greater the risk that it will be fatal. One in five untreated infected people die or are left permanently, mentally or physically damaged.
Use Broadgate’s walkin clinic London based services to be given your Typhoid fever vaccine