What Are The Different Types of STIs?
STIs are common in both male and females of all ages. They are commonly contracted by people under the age of 30. The many different types of sexually transmitted infections are categorised into four different infection types including bacteria, viral, fungal and parasitic.
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Bacterial STIs are curable through treatments with antibiotics. These are only curable should you visit your local sexual health clinic. Following a full treatment plan will ensure you’re fully cured of the bacteria infection you’ve contracted.
It’s also important to ensure any sexual partners are also treated to help avoid the spread of the infection. Most sexually transmitted bacterial infections show no signs or symptoms. Complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility can happen when bacterial infections are left untreated.
Types of Bacterial STIs
- Chlamydia – One of the most common types of infection passed through sexual contact
- Gonorrhoea – Contact with the mouth, vagina, penis and anus can pass gonorrhoea from person to person
- Syphilis – Many signs and symptoms of syphilis are indistinguishable from many other infections
Unlike bacterial infections, sexually transmitted viral infections have no cure however their symptoms can be alleviated rough treatments. Some types of viral infections can be prevented through vaccinations.
Types of Viral STIs
- HIV – HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system and weakens your ability to fight infections and disease
- HPV – HPV is so common that nearly all sexually active people contact it at some point in their lives. There are many different types of HPV that can be caught and passed on through sexual contact
- Herpes – The herpes virus can cause blisters on the genitals and the surrounding areas
- Hepatitis – Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, it can caused by a number of reasons but is most commonly the result of a viral infection caused by sexual contact
Sexually transmitted fungal infections are commonly known as yeast infections and are easy to treat when detected early on. The fungal infection can be treated with a full course of antifungals or antifungal creams. Many fungal infections can be transmitted through vaginal, oral or anal sex. Even touching the infected area can pass it from one person to another.
Types of Fungal STIs
- Yeast Infections – Caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida. The yeast infection can spread through unprotected sexual activity.
Parasitic sexually transmitted diseases are caused by parasites or parasitic bacteria. Like many other STIs these are passed on through contact with an infected area. Many types of parasitic infections are passed on during intercourse.
Types of Parasitic Infections
- Trichomonas Vaginalis – Is caused by the single celled protozoan parasite Trichomonas Vaginalis. Trichomoniasis is common in young and sexually active women
- Pubic Lice – Pubic lice are also known as crabs and is a form of lice that affects the genitals and the pubic region. They are commonly spread through contact with sexual partners
- Scabies – Scabies are most commonly transmitted sexually and are spread through skin to skin contact