Having a good awareness of sexual health and infertility is incredibly important for men and women alike. Some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can affect the fertility of both men and women, so a responsible attitude to your sexual health is vital. 


Several STIs cause infertility. Chlamydia can damage the fallopian tubes in women and cause swelling and tenderness of the scrotum in men.

Some people are unaware that if they contract Chlamydia they can be unconscious of it and pass it on to all future sexual partners. It is therefore vital that if you, whether a man or a woman, learn that you have Chlamydia you contact all sexual partners you have had since contracting the disease and alert them that they have been exposed to it, and may have passed it on to anyone they have since had sex with.

A Responsible Attitude To Sexual Health

It is important to understand that any time you engage in sexual contact with another person you expose them to any viruses or diseases you may be carrying. Developing a responsible attitude to sexual health and to contraceptives, through regular sexual health appointments with your GP is vital. The best sexual relationships are those in which trust is present. If you are not monogamous it is even more important you have a good attitude to sexual health, so that any sexual partners you have are not placed at risk of disease because of your behaviour.

In order to have a clean conscience and to avoid affecting the fertility of other people, a good awareness of sexual health is important. There is a wealth of information online at www.nhs.uk/livewell/sexualhealth, detailing all aspects of sexual health and symptoms of all conditions. If you have any concerns or questions at all it is always best practice to contact your GP or sexual health clinic and make an appointment to speak to a medical professional, who can offer the best advice for your situation, in full confidentiality. 

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease     

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection of the upper female genital tract (womb, fallopian tubes and ovaries). It is most commonly caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI). PID can cause damage to the fallopian tubes and scar them, meaning it is very difficult for an egg to travel down into the womb, making conception impossible.

Other Infertility Factors

There is a wide range of other biological factors, specific to the different reproductive systems of men and women that can affect fertility, from polycystic ovaries in women, to a low sperm count in men. If you have any concerns about your fertility, book an appointment with your GP to discuss it further, and receive comprehensive medical guidance.